Development and Analysis of the Thermal Behaviour of Non-Woven Fabric made with Cotton and Acrylic Blend

Authors

  • Sukumar Nachiappan * Department of Textile Engineering, School of Textile, Leather and Fashion, Kombolcha Institute of Technology - Wollo University, Ethiopia
  • Mohammed Hussien Department of Textile Engineering, School of Textile, Leather and Fashion, Kombolcha Institute of Technology - Wollo University, Ethiopia
* Corresponding author: sugumaraan@yahoo.com

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20372/ajec.2021.v1.i1.162

Abstract

Thermal insulators are composed of fibres that have greater resistance towards heat, light radiation, chemicalresistance, and other related properties in their specified area of application. Major applications of thermal insulators in the form of non-woven fabrics are apparel, interlinings, blanket and sleeping rugs, automobiles, shoe covers,carpets, building insulators, and industrial packing equipment. In this research work, we have developed an engineered non-woven thermal insulator fabric from Cotton/Acrylic blend by stitch bonding process by the laying offibres during web preparation. Here, we selected fibres cotton and acrylic for the production of non-woven thermalinsulation because of their comparatively lower cost, availability, better thermal stability, for its attractive physical and mechanical properties. Different blending ratios, GSM and stitch density were taken into consideration as the main factors focused during sample preparation. Then, the non-woven fabrics were taken for laboratory testing of itsGSM, stitch density, thickness, air permeability, and thermal conductivity tests. The thermal conductivity tests werecarried out using static or gravitational method with WL 372 radial and linear heat conduction instruments. As perthe test results, the thermal conductivity of the developed fabrics shows increment with the reduction of fabricweight, stitch density, air permeability and cotton fibre content in the blending composition.

Keywords:

Thermal conductivity, thermal insulation, stitch bonded, nonwoven fabric, blending

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Published

2021-01-01

How to Cite

Nachiappan, S. ., & Hussien, M. . (2021). Development and Analysis of the Thermal Behaviour of Non-Woven Fabric made with Cotton and Acrylic Blend. Abyssinia Journal of Engineering and Computing, 1(1), 11–21. https://doi.org/10.20372/ajec.2021.v1.i1.162

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Original Research Article